New studies suggest ways to get rid of annoying thoughts

 

From ancient times the people tried not to think about some things. Now that many people around the world are facing long-term quarantine, it has become more difficult to stop constantly thinking about new concerns. The study of modern psychology comes at a good time and offers ways to get rid of fantasy. Researchers have found that when people focus on replacing one thought with another or clearing the mind with the help of meditation, the brain signatures of thoughts disappear faster and only a faint shadow remains in the background. Brain signature refers to a specific pattern of neural activity in the brain so you can Watch serial Aghazadeh part 28 to understand it better.

When people focus on suppressing thought, it takes longer for the signature to fade; But when it finally disappears, it disappears more completely. Marie Banich“We were very excited,” the University of Colorado professor of psychology said of the results. This is the first study to do more than answer the question, “Did you stop thinking about it?” “Instead, you can look at the activity of a person’s brain and thought pattern, and then watch it disappear when the thought is removed.”

Overeating or overeating is a sign of several psychiatric disorders, including depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and obsessive-compulsive disorder, and is thought to be caused by a memory impairment at work. Working memory is a part of the brain that deals with temporary information and can hold three or four thoughts at a time; Therefore, in order to make room for future thoughts, irrelevant thoughts must be regularly cleared.

Unfortunately, it is more difficult to avoid negative thoughts; But when we consciously think about them, we can have little control over how information is processed in our brains. Various studies have shown that some mental exercises clear the mind faster, and some are slower and there are methods that are not effective at all. However, many of these results are based on self-report or indirect behavioral tests. In this regard, brain imaging gives us a more objective measurement.

A study published in 2015 showed that altering the contents of working memory activates the parietal region of the brain that receives and processes sensory information. Clearing the contents of working memory, however, activates the frontal cortex and plays a role in complex cognitive processes such as decision making. Interestingly, participants who had more difficulty controlling their inner thoughts showed more activity in the frontal cortex and broca area, which is related to inner speech. The 2015 study was conducted by several researchers who also play a role in the new study and focuses on three distinct strategies for removing negative thoughts from the mind.

There were 50 participants lying on a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) machine, showing them images of celebrities, fruits, and recognizable scenes, and actively thinking about each for about four seconds. By creating brain signatures for each of these objects, participants were told to clear their mind through meditation, or to suppress it by focusing on the thought and then actively forgetting it, or to replace it with something else they had seen in the study.

By analyzing the data obtained using machine learning, the researchers discovered a hierarchy of brain regions that played a role in controlling thoughts to varying degrees. What areas were involved and how much in each situation depended on the participants’ mental approach, and ultimately led to different results.

By examining patterns of brain activity, researchers were able to show for the first time the clearing of thought from a person’s working memory. It is not yet clear exactly what happens to all this information in the brain; But it shows that thought can be removed from working memory quickly and temporarily with the right focus. Also, thought can be eliminated through mental intervention of more permanent action and open space for new thoughts.

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“If you want a new idea to come to your mind, you have to stop thinking about the old idea,” says Banich. “If you want to get something out of your mind, use the cleansing and replacement approach immediately, and if you want to get something out of your mind so that you can enter new information, the repression method works best.”

For example, if you are studying a topic and need to move on to another topic, you may want to suppress your working memory first. Of course, when it comes to mental health, suppressing long-term memories is often considered a bad thing. As researchers point out, suppression in PTSD causes the memory of past trauma to flare up and eventually intensify. As a result of this thinking, exposure therapy is often used to reconstruct and resolve specific traumatic memories in order to impose less emotional and mental burden on the individual in the long run. However, the findings of a new study suggest that working memory may also be a goal of treatment; Of course, this time through repression.

More research is needed to examine how brain signatures and cognitive functions are impaired in people with depression or anxiety or PTSD. However, when a memory reaches the stage of consciousness and enters working memory, repression may be a valuable primary tool for some people; Because this process makes it possible to completely remove information from the mind.

On the other hand, replacing or clearing thoughts from working memory only takes that thought out of our conscious attention, and while this disables neural signatures, information remains intact. In this regard, the authors say that the first effective step in educating a person is to change his attention by changing the direction (ie, replacing thoughts) or with mindfulness (ie, clearing thoughts), followed by cognitive control training to suppress thought and reduce its power.

This study in the journal Nature Communication It’s been published.

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